Volcanoes are basically of three types – active volcano, dormant or sleeping volcano and extinct volcano. An active volcano is a volcano that erupts very frequently. An active volcano erupts faster than dormant and extinct volcano and erupts very frequently if compared to its two other kinds.
The active volcano shows sign of unrest. According to the scientists, if a volcano has erupted in the last 10,000 years, it is considered to be an active volcano. The world has a number of active volcanoes. These volcanoes generally erupt as a result of scientific misbalances happening around the world. Here are the top ten most active volcanoes around the world.
Top 10 Most Active Volcanoes in the World
10. Mauna Loa, Hawaii
Mauna Loa is the largest volcano of the world in regard of its volume as well as surface area. Mauna Lao is also one of those five volcanoes which make up the Hawaiian Island. This volcano has been erupting on a regular basis since past 700,000 years. The most recent eruption in this volcano was occurred in the year 1984. The lava flows of this volcano are very dangerous and hazardous to its surrounding areas. Many villages and areas have already been destroyed as a result of the flowing lava of the Mauna Loa. This volcano also gives rise to a number of landslides. This volcano also causes earthquakes and other natural disasters.
9. Taal Volcano, Philippines
The Taal Volcano of Philippines is considered as the ninth most active volcano of the world. It is nothing but a cinder cone volcano which is located in Luzon, an island in Philippines. This volcano is in the middle of the Taal Lake and therefore it has been named as the Taal volcano. This volcano is 31 miles away from Manila. Since the year 1572, the Tall Volcano has erupted for 33 times and most of these eruptions caused by the volcano are restricted to intracaldera area of the region. A safe distance from this active volcano is what people consider safe for their life since this volcano has killed around 6,000 people so far.
8. Ulawun, Papua New Guinea
The Ulawun Volcano is an active volcano located in Papua New Guinea. The eruptions from this volcano originate from the central carter of the volcano. So far, this volcano has recorded 22 active eruptions. It has been erupting actively since the year 1700. The local residents near this volcano have constantly been witnessing some small explosions as a result of this volcano. This volcano gives rise to the deposition of lava and ash in its nearby areas. The biggest threat to this volcano is its collapse since it is very huge in structure.
7. Mt. Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo
The Mount Nyirsgongo located in the Democratic Republic of Congo is one of the most active volcano in the continent of Africa. This volcano us very well known for its lakes of lava that actively appear in its very crater. This volcano is a steep sided stratovolcano that carries a large fluid of lava and this is the major threat to its surroundings. This volcano has erupted very frequently from the year 1894 to 1977 and has devastated various nearby areas as a result of its deadly lava flows. Another eruption of this volcano in the year 2002 has caused a great destruction to its nearby areas and as a result 147 people were died in this incident. This lava has destroyed around 4,500 buildings in Goma.
6. Mt. Merapi, Indonesia
The Mt. Merapi if translated in English can be called as the ‘Mountain of Fire’. This is the most active volcano in Indonesia and it has produced more lava than any other volcano of the world. This volcano has been erupting very frequently since the year 1548 and therefore has been active since past 10,000 years. According to the experts, the Mt. Merapi has resulted in the extinction of the Hindu Kingdom of Mataran as a result of its active eruptions. Near the slopes of Mt. Merapi, the city of Yogyakarta is located, which is the habitat to a thousands of people. This volcano killed around 353 people when it lastly erupted in the year 2010.
5. Galeras, Colombia
The volcano Galeras is located in South Colombia. This volcano has been active since one million year from now. This volcano erupts very frequently and it recorded its very first eruption in the year 1580. This volcano is a major threat to all the residents of Pasto, which is located on the eastern slope of this volcano. This volcano went inactive in the year 1978 but after 10 years, it went active again. This volcano has been erupting almost every year since the year 2000. It has killed 3 tourists and 6 scientists when it occurred in the year 1993.
4. Sakurajima, Japan
Sakurajima in Japan is the fourth most active volcano of the world. This volcano was earlier an individual island, but its lava flows in the year 1914 made it connected to its very mainland. This volcano is considered as the ‘Vesuvius of the East’ by experts because of its high volcanic activities. This volcano results in a thousands of small explosions every year from its very peak. This throws up ash in its nearby areas. The nearby city to this volcano, Kagoshima has made special volcano shelters for itself and whenever this volcano erupts, the people go and take the cover of these shelters.
3. Popocatépetl, Mexico
Popocatépetl is a huge peak volcano covered by glacier that is located some 35 miles away from the city of Mexico. More than 9 million of people reside around the blast radius of this volcano. This volcano has reputed for more than 20 times since its very first eruption which was noted in the year 1519. This volcano was recently erupted in the year 2000. As a result of preventive measures taken by the people, 41,000 lives were saved from its eruption.
2. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
The Mt. Vesuvius is located in Italy and has a great history of its activity which makes this volcano the second most active volcano of the world. At the same time, it is also one of the most dangerous volcanoes of the world. This volcano was lastly erupted in the year 1944. The cycle of its eruption follows a pattern of 20 years. This volcano is the only volcano that has erupted in the mainland of Europe in the last hundred years. This volcano is most popular for its eruption in the 79 AD when the cities Herculaneum and Pompeii.
1. Yellowstone Caldera, United States of America
The Yellowstone Caldera of the United States of America is considered as the most active volcano of the world. At the same time, this volcano is the most dangerous volcano of the world. The greatest and the most dangerous eruption encountered by this volcano was some 640,000 years ago when it devastated and destroyed the major part of its surroundings. The volcano that lies under Yellowstone is therefore considered as a super volcano. According to the experts, if this volcano erupts anytime, it would easily kill 87,000 of people at the moment.