The technology has reached at its highest peak today. Every natural or artificial thing has been given a technical twist, thereby making it more advanced. Technology has touched every facet of life. The creation of the dams is yet another remarkable gift that science and technology has given to the mankind. Dams are constructed for a number of purposes such as flood control, irrigation, water supply, power generation, land reclamation, navigation, aquatic beautify, water diversion as well as recreation.
Apart from carrying a number of useful and commercial purposes, the dams are also considered as one important tourist attraction, fascinating a number of people towards it. Here are the top ten biggest dams of the world which are useful to their countries in both commercial as well as recreational purpose.
Top Ten Biggest Dams in the World
10. Oroville Dam
The Oroville Dam is one fine embankment dam that has been built om the feather river which is located in the east of the Oroville city, California in the United States of America. This dam is considered as one of the most important dams of the country as a result for its commercial purposes. The height of this dam extends up to 230 meter and its length up to 2,110 metres. The structural volume of the Oroville Dam is 59.6 million cubic meters.
This dam apart from carrying a commercial purpose is also a major center of tourist attraction.
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9. Mangla Dam
Photo credit by blogs.tribune.com.pk
This Dam belongs to Pakistan and is located in the Mirpur district of Pakistan. This dam was constructed by the engineers of Pakistan in the year 1961 and its construction came to an end in the year 1967. This river has been built on the Jhelum River and a number of water activities such as irrigation, navigation, water supply as well as power generation are carried out as a result of this dam. This dam has a fine height up to 138 meters and is 3.14 km as to its length. The structural volume of the Mangla Dam is 65 million cubic meters.
8. Gardiner Dam
Photo credit by The Gardiner Dam is located in Canada and has been built over the South Saskatchewan River in the city of Saskatchewan. This dam came into existence in the 1960s, where its construction came to a final showdown in the year 1967. This dam is considered as one of the most important and the biggest dams of the country. It embraces a height of 64 meters, a fine width of 1.5 km and a large structural volume of about 65.4 million cubic meters.
This dam supports a number of water activities for its citizens.
7. Guri Dam
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The Guri Dam is one of the biggest dams of the world that is located in Bolivar, constructed over the Necuima Canyon. This dam encountered its construction process in the year 1963 and its construction was completed in the year 1978. This dam embraces a very large volume up to 70 million cubic metres and thus you can imagine as to how large this dam is as to its construction.
The height of the Guri Dam from the construction surface is 162 meters. This dam has been created by the Caroni River and it also creates a fine Guri Reservoir which embraces a surface area of about 4,250 square kilometers.
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6. Flevoland Dyke Dam
Photo credit by www.gizmocrazed.com
The Flevoland Dyke Dam is considered as the sixth biggest dam in the world that is located in the province of Flevoland in Netherlands. This dam was constructed in the year 1968. It has a total structural volume of about 78 million cubic meters.
This dam is also very tall in its existence and raises up to a fine height of 13 meters. A number of local irrigation and other water activities are carried out on this dam. Besides, this dam is also a major center of attraction for the tourists who visit Netherlands.
5. Ataturk Dam
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The original name of the Ataturk Dam is Karababa Dam. This dam is the fifth biggest dam of the world that is located in Sanliurfa. Turkey. The construction for this dam began in the year 1983 and came to an end in the year 1992. This dam embraces a huge structural volume that goes up to 84 million cubic meters. The height of this dam goes up to 166 meters and this dam is about 1819 meters long. This dam coasted the makers a bomb and the total cost of this whole project went up to $1.25 Billion US.
4. Fort Peck Dam
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The Fort Peck Dam is considered as the oldest dam of the Fort Peck and was constructed in the year 1933 to 1940. The total cost incurred in building this dam was $100 million. This dam is the fourth largest dam of the world and is about 76.4 meters long. The Fort Peck Dam comprises of a huge structural volume of 96 million cubic meters.
This dam is also beautiful as to its looks and it creates Fort Peck Lake with the very surface of 2, 45,000 acres.
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3. Dam – (Mildred SWSS) – Syncrude Tailings
The amazing Dam is located in the Fort McMurray Alberta in the country of Canada. This dam is the third largest dam of the world and has a huge structural volume of up to 119 million cubic metres. The height of this Dam is 50 meters. The construction of this dam was completed very quickly, where it began in the year 2009 and came to an end in the year 2010.
2. Tarbela Dam
The Tarbela Dam is located in Tarbela, Pakistan and is considered as the second biggest dam of the world. The construction of this dam began in the year 1968 and was completed in 1976. The total cost incurred in building this dam is $1,497 million. This dam embraces a huge structural volume and capacity of about 106 to 152 million cubic meters. The structural height of the dam is 143 meters and its surface area is 250 square kilometers.
1. Syncrude Tailings Dam(Mildred MLSB)
Photo credit by www.canadiangeographic.ca
This dam is also addressed as the Mildred Lake and is the biggest dam of the world that embraces a structural volume up to 720 million cubic meters. The height of this dam raises up to 88 meters and this dam is certainly very tall. It was built throughout the year 1976 to 1978 and was again altered and reconstructed in the year 1955. This dam is located in Alberta in Fort McMurray, Canada.